EAGLE BY BONELLI
Sedentary and dispersive species, widespread in southern Europe, Africa and in part of the Middle and Far East up to eastern China and the Sunda Islands.
In Italy it breeds in Sicily and Calabria.
Where does she live
It frequents open arid environments of hills and low mountains with scarce evergreen tree vegetation and presence of rocky walls.
It feeds on birds and mammals of small and medium size, snakes.
It is believed to live in permanent monogamy and the couple remain united until the death of one of the two individuals. It has a powerful but agile and fast flight, and alternates between twirls and glides. Hunting always focusing on surprise, both with the technique of ambush from a perch and with that of exploratory flight; often the members of the couple cooperate with each other. It captures prey on the ground, but is also capable of snatching birds in flight by performing spectacular stunts. It is of a rather aggressive nature towards other birds of prey.
Reproductive period: it lays its eggs from the end of January to mid-April; one brood a year.
Nest: of dry branches intertwined and carpeted with leaves and other material on a ledge or in a cave of a rock face.
Eggs: typically 2.
Hatching: 37-40 days. The incubation is carried out almost exclusively by the female.
Parental care: the chicks are nests and are raised by the mother. The young are fit to fly at the age of about 2 months, but remain with their parents for a few more weeks. In many broods only one chick survives until the moment of fledging.
Status and conservation
The species in Europe has an unfavorable conservation status and is considered endangered. In Italy the only population of a certain size is that of Sicily.
Bonn Convention, annex II: species in respect of which international agreements are required for its conservation and management.
Berne Convention, annex II: strictly protected species.
Birds Directive 79/409 / EEC, annex I: species for which special conservation measures are envisaged as regards the habitat.
National law 11 February 1992, n. 157, art. 2: particularly protected species.
SEA EAGLE Presence in Italy Species extinct as breeder in Italy towards the middle of the last century and currently reported with erratic immature individuals Status and conservation The species in Europe has an unfavorable conservation status and is considered rare. Level...See more
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