Often many hunters start out train your puppy once it has passed one year of life. The problem is that in this time frame the animal could catch incorrect habits making training an almost titanic undertaking. Surely the most suitable choice is to start training him already in the first months. THE commands in this case there are essentially six main ones and one of these is the so-called command "behind".
What is the back command
This command is very important during hunting trips, because one must learn to stop what he is doing and immediately return to the hunter.
Important when we have decided to train our dog, it becomes essential when we have to teach basic commands to dogs experienced in hunting the lair.
Usually for this type of hunting only some types of races, especially those of small size with a lively, courageous and particularly agile temperament. This character is very useful when they are faced with prey because they have to chasing animals accustomed to tight spaces or living in underground tunnels. If for humans they are off limits spaces, they are environments suitable only for small dogs. Also, their courage is paramount, because they will often find themselves having to struggle with volpi e rabbits who will not be willing to give up easily.
I hunting dogs they will have to push them to get out of their shelter to allow the hunter to take it down. So next to the classic commands this takes on a central role. If the command call pushes the dog to return to the owner, that of land ad stop the action of the dog at a distance to make him stay crouched until the command goes, that of behind has a much more important role e the dog will have to abandon all action to return to the master and stand next to him.
As with every stage of the training, consult an expert it is important, but you can also teach on your own hound the command. Let's see how to do it.
No special equipment is needed to train the dog a back. The important thing is to have the reward to reward yours ability and a lot of patience. If you prefer you can have an extra support like the clicker.
To make the training effective, the teaching of this command must come after a series of actions that the dog has learned to do, especially the ground because the dog is already used to reacting in the right way to the instructions of the owner.
If your dog is ready you can start with the training. First you need to stand a few steps away.
Once this is done you have to start move towards the hound. Some dogs will take a few steps back as you move in their direction. If he doesn't start to step back, better keep going on and lean your body slightly forward.
As soon as the dog takes a few steps, it is the right time for gratify him. The best thing is to tell him "good" or "yes" or else he presses the clicker and this must follow the reward which usually consists of croquettes.
When our four-legged friend understands the action, then he can start enter the command, so when you move towards the dog you have to say “behind” and if it performs the movement you have to reward it with the just reward.
Most dogs learn to backup quickly, the important thing is to dedicate a few minutes a day to teaching. If the hound fails to execute it immediately, another method can be followed.
Also for this method no special accessories are required. The first thing to do is place a treat on the ground, then settle down not far from the food with your legs slightly apart. The dog must succeed in go through the legs, eat the morsel e back away to get more food back. The dog will be waiting and the owner's job is to give him the reward, after pressing the clinker or telling him good.
The operation must be repeated several times and the dog will tend to always perform the same actions. Then you have to delay using the clicker or verbal reward, the wait will lead the dog to step back a little at a time. When he has done the gesture then you can gratify him.
Little by little it will move back more and more and it is also possible to associate the “back” command with the wait.
When the dog does not respond to the command
Dogs don't always respond promptly to commands, so you have to encourage him more. In these cases you have to keep walking towards the dog and once you reach it, you have to do one small pressure with the knee backwards.
The hound will naturally take a few steps back, so you have to encourage him with compliments or with the clicker and give him a small reward as soon as he moves backwards.
Some dogs may react differently to the push, they may stand up and walk away. In this case, the better move into a narrow corridor or in an enclosed space where the dog has nowhere to go but backwards.
Each dog learns differently so don't get discouraged. It is important to do short and positive training sessions.
If it is too difficult for the dog, then they can repeat commands who already knows how to sit or bend down. Whenever you have to reward him and then try again with the command behind.
When the dog has learned to carry out the command correctly, it is necessary exit the comfort zone and change the environment. For example, you can try an outdoor place, but restricted like the garden or the courtyard, in which the dog will feel safe, but in which there will still be some distractions.
If these training sessions are also positive you can try take him to a place he does not know, such as a relative or friend's garden e little by little in an open place like parks or small gardens. In this way, little by little the hound will learn to follow the command in all circumstances and with all kinds of distractions.
This command è less common than the others, so once he has learned it it must not be abandoned. The best solution is to insert it at least once a week in the training routine, so the command will stay alive in the dog's memory.