The decree, published in the Official Gazette, is the result of a collaboration between the Ministry of the Environment and Ministry of Agriculture, and was created with the aim of managing and containing the wildlife population in a balanced way. Hunters, landowners and contractors will be authorized by the Regions to intervene to kill species deemed dangerous at certain times of the year, thus contributing to maintaining the balance of ecosystems.
One of the most important aspects of the decree is the delegation to the single Regions and autonomous Provinces to decide which species to cut down and in which periods of the year, allowing for a personalized approach adapted to specific local needs. This allows you to adopt targeted strategies to mitigate the damage caused by some species to the native flora and fauna e protect agricultural crops from wildlife intrusions.
Particularly, the wild boar has been identified as one of the main enemies of the tranquility of inhabited centers and of people's safety, often causing road accidents. It is therefore essential to take measures to reduce its presence and prevent dangerous situations.
The data processed by the Higher Institute for Environmental Protection and Research (ISPRA) indicate an improvement in the conservation status of the wolf, thus opening up the possibility of overcoming the total ban on derogations from its removal contained in the 2002 action plan. This means that hunting interventions can be more controlled and targeted to preserve the balance between wildlife and ecosystems.
As far as farmers are concerned, the decree offers important protection against intrusion and damage caused by wildlife to crops. The increase in wildlife samples and the intervention on females and young specimens can help limit the proliferation of some species and reduce damage to crops.
It should be emphasized that the decree is not only aimed at private hunters, but also at public operators, veterinarians, specialized companies and landowners, after attending a training course managed by ISPRA. This ensures that hunting operations are carried out responsibly and with attention to the surrounding ecosystem.
As regards the criticism regarding food safety and the presence of lead in game meat sold in supermarkets, the decree makes suggestions for the use of non-toxic bullets, demonstrating a careful and aware approach to hunting management and food safety.
In summary, the "Libera Caccia" decree presents itself as a useful and reasoned provision for the responsible management of wildlife in Italy. The delegation to the Regions allows for the customization of intervention strategies, safeguarding biodiversity and local ecosystems, while at the same time protecting the interests of farmers. Hunting, when managed sustainably and responsibly, can help ensure a balance between wildlife and the surrounding environment.
While the criticisms of animal rights activists must be listened to and considered, it is essential to remember that coexistence between humans and wildlife requires a balanced approach that takes into account the needs of both parties.