The exercise of the hunting activity according to the provisions of the national legislation 157/92 can be carried out following the achievement of the license for the port of shotgun for hunting use, attestation that obtains after having taken and passed the qualifying examination for hunting.
The current legislation governing hunting activities is dated 11 February 1992 and is No. 157.
Following this issue of this rule, all the Italian regions have taken action in order to produce specific reference regulations governing hunting activities in the area of competence.
Further improvement interventions are carried out, even from year to year, by the Regions or Provinces in order to make the dictates of 157/92 adhere to changes in the environment, to the consistency of wild populations and to the needs and number of hunters. . Law 157/92 follows the previous legislation (No. 968 of 27/12/1977) which regulated hunting in Italy for about 15 years. The current innovation is the implementation of a series of international acts and conventions aimed at the protection of migratory fauna and the habitats used for their life cycle. In addition to the application of the contents of international conventions and community directives, the drafting of law 157 has led to substantial changes in some institutions legally consolidated in the previous legislation. The particular reference is to the ownership of the fauna which is currently regulated as an "unavailable heritage of the State and is protected in the interest of the national and international community" and "hunting is allowed as long as it does not conflict with the need for the conservation of wildlife. and does not cause actual damage to agricultural production ". It also defines the possibility of carrying out hunting for some species defined as a "concession that the State grants to citizens who request it and who possess the requisites established by law".
The philosophy of the law is also focused on respecting the economic activities and in particular the agricultural and breeding activities that persist in the territories where hunting is practiced.
In particular, a whole series of specific elements of protection of these activities are defined both for the damage caused in the exercise of the hunting activity, and for the damage caused to agricultural and livestock production by the species subject to protection, and for the prevention of risks. and for public safety.
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