New Common Agricultural Policy
After a few years of negotiations and discussions between the European Community and the Member States, the new Community agricultural policy finally started on 1 January 2023, which will take the new name of National Strategic Plan for the CAP 2023-2027 (NSP). For Italy, the plan will have a total value of 36,7 billion euros and will affect the entire agricultural, forestry, agri-food and rural sector nationwide until 2027. Another novelty of this edition is the fact that there will no longer be the 21 Rural Development Plans, distinct for each Region and Autonomous Province, as in the previous ones CAP, but a single national document which will contain the various local applications called Complemento Strategico Regionale (CSR). In fact, each Region and Autonomous Province will be able to use only a part of the entire and complex measures described in the national NSP document and therefore selected on the basis of local characteristics and needs.
Measures and interventions
The entire National Strategic Plan for the 2023-2027 CAP will thus be composed of a complex series of actions, measures and interventions which all come together in the aim of achieving 9 key objectives determined a priori at the European level. Among these objectives, a third are clearly environmental in nature and are objective no. 5 "Fight against climate change"; goal no. 6 “Protection of the environment” and objective n. 7 “Protection of the landscape and biodiversity”. It is precisely the interventions and measures of the new CAP that pursue these environmental objectives that deserve our attention, as their correct application in the territory will have a positive effect on the improvement of the quality of the agroforestry environment and therefore also on the increase of the wildlife of interest hunting. However, the launch of the new programming will not be immediate as the adjustments of the various regional CSRs are now underway on the basis of the new contents and additions that emerged in the negotiations with the European Commission.
The new calls
This phase will be followed by a necessary information campaign, aimed at promoting the opportunities and support interventions of the new CAP, and finally the opening of the new tenders which will take place in the first months of 2023. Particular attention must also be paid to this whole lot by the ATC and CA which could have a role of promoters in the territory of all the measures and interventions of the regional CSRs of environmental and faunal interest starting from timely information on the openings and methods of participation by farmers in their territorial area of competence. Furthermore, it cannot be excluded that in the next tenders of the regional CRS there may also be a space and possibilities for the direct participation of the ATC and CA as aggregators of requests from small farmers.
A specific question, recently posed to the European Parliament, for clarification on the possibility of participation of these hunting institutes in the tenders of the PSN has not in fact excluded its feasibility, leaving the decision of this to the various member states. A similar request was also made in the partnership table of the Veneto Region, during the discussion of the CSR, and in this case too a similar response was obtained. Finally, it should be remembered that the coming years will determine our future for all the global problems associated with climate change and the loss of local biodiversity. All environmental interventions on faunal habitats can therefore make a small contribution in this regard. The NSP will in fact play a significant role in this and wildlife could therefore also be a valid indicator for evaluating the correct application of the interventions and the pursuit of the NSP objectives for the CAP. (Source FEDERCACCIA STUDIES AND RESEARCH OFFICE)
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