La spring is fast approaching and with the arrival of warmer temperatures you need to check it even better dog health. The hunting auxiliaries are less used during the hunting activity, but there is no lack of opportunities to see them at work, especially during the frequent canine tests on game. One of the pathologies to be explored in order not to be caught unprepared is the so-called parvo, Also known as infectious gastroenteritis. The pathology is caused by the Canine parvovirus and it strikes above all immunosuppressed or unvaccinated puppies. It is a very serious disease that causes vomiting, diarrhea, even hemorrhagic, severe depression and dehydration. Often in weaker puppies it can lead to death from multiorgan failure.
What is Parvovirus
Note how viral gastroenteritis, the disease is particularly feared by dog owners because it has viral origin and it's a lot contagious.
The disease also known as canine parvovirus it first appeared in the second half of the 70s of the last century and it has spread mainly among domestic dogs in Europe.
Following this spread, it was generated an epidemic of myocarditis e gastroenteritis which spread to dogs all over the world
Among the most affected by the disease are the puppies. Unlike adult dogs, they have low immune defenses and in most cases they have not yet received the vaccine. This causes the death rate to be very high.
Viral disease is very resistant and the life expectations for an affected puppy they are not tall. In the most severe forms, the dog dies within two to three days.
The best thing is to do the Vaccine as soon as possible, according to the dictates of veterinarian. In the event that the puppy has been affected, the medical specialist will sign a series of cycle to get him through the critical phase, trying to reinforce his own immunitary defense and at the same time implementing a prevention strategy to limit and avoid possible secondary consequences of the disease.
How the virus is transmitted
In addition to being a very serious condition, it has one easy transmission of the infection. The virus is usually found in feces of the carrier dog. It is transmitted to the dog through the contact or l 'assumption of infected stools.
So when we bring our four-legged friend to the park, outdoors or during a hunting trip, we must be very careful because it can survive for months, even to the common disinfectants we have at home.
Symptoms of canine parvo
The virus has a medium-long incubation period, this goes from 3 to 7 working days,. Usually the parts of the body that succumb to the virus first are i lymph nodes in the throat, then moves to the spinal cord and finally tointestine. Once attacked happens the destruction of villi and microvilli responsible for the absorption of food.
When you are infected, the first symptoms appear. Among the most popular is the vomiting, followed by hemorrhagic diarrhea, lack of appetite, trough, high fever and consequently the dehydration. Precisely this symptom is the most dangerous of all and often leads to deaths in puppies.
How to cure parvoriosis
As mentioned earlier the pathology is a lot resistant and the first thing to do when we see the symptoms listed above is to consult your veterinarian.
The doctor will provide the right treatment. Indeed, with new studies and advances in this field only 20% of infected animals develop the disease.
Prevention with vaccines allows dogs to better cope with one highly debilitating disease.
Although veterinarian care is essential to treat the disease, the symptoms can be kept under control with natural remedies.
Their use is an extra help to support the organs and strengthen his immune system.
Let's see which ones to use.
Echinacea is a natural antibiotic and has the ability to stimulate the immune system.
Cloves are used for reduce nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. Rich in antioxidants, have within them eugenol known for its antiviral functions.
Astragalus has its origins in the Chinese tradition and serves for support the immune system. According to clinical studies it can be used to treat viral myocarditis, one of the causes of Parvovirus.
Mainly used for its properties detoxifying. In ancient times it was also used to treat diarrhea and plays aanti-inflammatory and pain-relieving action.
Used for clean up the blood, Burdock root is a powerful one antioxidant and anti-inflammatory. Combined with dandelion it serves the body to eliminate viral infections.
The Shiitake is source of protein and a natural stimulator of immune system. In recent years it has been used as an inhibitor of cancer and leukemia cells.
Used for the cancer treatment from Native American tribes, Sorrel is a antiviral mainly used to treat diarrhea and viral infections.
How to cope with the disease
La resistance of the dog to the disease depends on one series of factors. A central role is played byage and by health state. In case it manages to survive the viral pathology, the hound is in any case considered infectious. This state of alert lasts for approx two months. So if you have multiple dogs and only one of them has counted the disease, it is important to take some to keep the others safe precautions.
In addition to keeping infected dogs isolated from others, you have to adopt hygiene rules. The first thing to do is disinfect the environment well daily basis.
As previously mentioned, it is a very resistant disease even to the common detergents we use at home, so the most effective is the bleach. Also, throw away anything that the infected dog has touched, as it may have left residue on objects.
These attentions must be followed both when the dog has not been vaccinated, and when it has been. The latter could be infected with a new strain for which the vaccine has not yet been tested or found.
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